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Cem Dev Services

Cemetery & Crematorium Design

Cemetery & Crematorium Development and Design

We are a team of highly qualified field surveyors, engineers and designers, with strategically partnered architects and construction consultants offering an unrivalled service specialising in cemetery and crematorium design and development.

Data collected in the feasibility stage informs the design stage, which aims to integrate the development into the wider landscape and mitigate against any impact, enhancing the biodiversity of the site in line with national and local planning policy.

We aim to achieve a cemetery or mausoleum which has a distinctive spatial quality, provides choices for individual wishes, offers visitors the opportunity to grieve and remember and yet can be managed on a day-to-day basis with the minimal cost.  We project manage all stages of the implementation phase, including financial management, giving you a responsive, single point of contact for your development and enabling you to benefit from our strong relationship with local authorities.

Our extensive experience enables us to prepare high quality illustrative, qualitative and quantitative material and contract documentation that complies with and fulfils construction design management regulations and planning and environmental legislation.

Cemetery Design

Our Service

  • Stage 1 – Feasibility & Client Brief

    The feasibility is centred on the outcome of the extended environmental audits as a there is little point in progressing with the development of a cemetery unless the EA has given its approval for planning.

    Cemetery Design

    The feasibility will identify any issues likely to alter the anticipated budget or increase estimated cost of development.

    The feasibility will include a detailed client brief covering:

    • • Preliminary designs of hard and soft landscaping and layout options
    • • Demographics of the local community
    • • Utility infrastructure searches
    • • Drainage infrastructure investigations
    • • Memorialisation and grave layout
    • • Estimated costs
    • • Schedules and timescales

  • Stage 2 – Design

    With the data collected in the feasibility a design programme can commence. Within the design CDS ensure that:

    The cemetery is constructed to ensure minimal environmental impact and where possible enhance the environment.
    That the cemetery can be managed on a day-to-day basis with the minimal cost but providing the highest quality to the bereaved and visitors.

    Cemetery Design

    Our design approach is as follows:

    • • Analyse requirements, survey site and adjacent area as necessary, prepare,describe and illustrate outline proposals and submit these to all interested parties for approval.
    • • Prepare budget estimate and monitor cost implications during design stage.
    • • Liase with Design Team to determine most cost effective design and proposals.
    • • Prepare a scheme design consisting of drawings and outline specification showing materials and appearance, submit to Local Authority for informal comment.
    • • Apply for final planning permission, conduct negotiations with Planning Department, carry out any minor amendments.
    • • Liase with all parties as necessary.
    • • Complete a detailed design, incorporating any necessary structural engineering details.
    • • Prepare working drawings and construction notes for materials and workmanship required.
    • • Apply for Building Regulation approval if required.
    • • Advise on tendering procedures and contract arrangements.
    • • Advise on warranties and insurances related to building works.
    • • Instruct Structural Engineer if required by Local Authority.

  • Stage 3 – Project Management

     

    • • Prepare in conjunction with Quantity Surveyor, contract documentation for works.
    • • Lease and advise on appointment of specialist sub-contractors.
    • • Accept site on behalf of contractor, issue working drawings and details.
    • • Prepare anticipated monthly cash flow forecast expenditure.
    • • Prepare and administer the construction, design and management (CDM) regulations.
    • • Make periodic visits to site as required to generally oversee project.
    • • Assess progress and ensure it is in line with the agreed programme.
    • • Liase with Local Authority.
    • • Issue of any variation orders etc, issue payment certificates in conjunction with Quantity Surveyor and agree final account.
    • • Carry out final inspection.
    • • Produce list of emedial as necessary.
    • • Accept work on behalf of the Local Authority.
    • • General administrative duties.

 Case Studies

 

Cemetery Drainage

Cemetery Drainage

Drainage in cemeteries is complex due to the physical, environmental and practical constraints.  CDS are specialists in solutions to surface and groundwater problems.

We specialise in the drainage of cemeteries; designing bespoke solutions to surface and groundwater problems.  We designed and managed to completion, the country’s first cemetery deep groundwater drainage system, leading the way to companies adopting this new established method.

Our specialist technical services provide management of the following areas:

  • Dewatering and lowering of groundwater levels through deep drainage techniques.
  • Surface water and catch-all drainage
  • Spring line diversion and cut off
  • Reed bed construction
  • Grey water management (grave pumping and environmental waste water management).

EMI Mapping

The EMI scan will provide target sampling points from which the soil profile will be analysed for its mineralogy and profile construction. Determining where soil variability exist as well as locating and defining metallic and electrical utilities and potential below ground constructions and obstructions can be extremely beneficial in providing cost benefits through well engineered designs.

The EMI technology was developed in the UK by Martin Peters and Justin Smith and is widely used by other companies however its use is limited in many situations and we would advise potential users to be aware that it can sometimes be used as an expensive marketing tool rather than providing for good field data.

CDS undertake a three staged approach:

  • The Survey

    Before any assumptions are made as to the causes of the drainage problem our soil water team undertakes a detailed survey. This survey includes:

    • Tyopographic hydro-topographic surveys
    • Hydro-geological investigation
    • Deep core sampling
    • Profile pit analysis
    • Soil analysis
    • EMI mapping
    • Outfall design options
    • Utility mapping

    From the results of the initial field and desktop survey and extensive site investigation an engineer will determine:

    • The water table levels both current and temporal
    • The risk of leaching, eutrophication and attenuation
    • The presence, and causes, of any impermeable layers in the soil profile
    • The soil stability and suitability for excavations
    • The drainage and surface water management options

    The production of a detailed written report with outline management options will be presented to the client highlighting the type of drainage problem and a summary of design options and likely budget costs.

  • The Design

    Once the budgets and type of drainage scheme has been agreed CDS will progress with Stage 2 This would include the:

    • Production of scaled drawings and any land forming presentations• Production of specification
    • Production of bill of quantities
    • Production of Tender Documents
    • Tender contract management

    Land Modelling

  • Project Management

    CDS ensure that all aspects of the design are finished on time and on budget by providing an ongoing client relationship package.CDS engineers will ensure that the contractors are fully informed and briefed on the work in hand and will monitor the projects progress form start to completion.

    • Prepare in conjunction with Quantity Surveyor, contract documentation for works.

    • Lease and advise on appointment of specialist sub-contractors.
    • Accept site on behalf of contractor, issue working drawings and details.
    • Prepare anticipated monthly cash flow forecast expenditure.
    • Prepare and administer the construction, design and management (CDM) regulations.
    • Make periodic visits to site as required to generally oversee project.
    • Assess progress and ensure it is in line with the agreed programme.
    • Liase with Local Authority.
    • Issue of any variation orders etc, issue payment certificates in conjunction with Quantity Surveyor and agree final account.
    • Carry out final inspection.
    • Produce list of emedial as necessary.
    • Accept work on behalf of the Local Authority.
    • General administrative duties.

 

Cemetery Drainage Case Studies

  • Trent Park

  • Mill Hill

 

 

 

 

 

Cemetery Planning Applications

Any new cemetery development or extension being submitted for planning, may require many levels of assessment especially if the cemetery exceeds 1 hectare in size.

A large cemetery may be classed as a major development and significant studies have to be undertaken in order to satisfy planners.

The level and degree of the studies will depend in part on the sensitivity of the site (e.g. green belt or areas of significant environmental or historic value).

In most cases works will start with a pre-app meeting or report with planners and from this the framework of application studies and documentation can be assessed and appropriated.

Below are typically the types of studies reports and assessments that are often required for a larger (>2 hectare) development.

Cemetery Development Services Ltd with its specialist team with many years of experience in cemetery design, planning and delivery can provide the client with a full application service facilitating all the components below typically required for cemetery planning.

The client is able to be sure that at every stage planning issues are covered

Assessments and Reports

    • • Environment Agency T1 Audit
    • • Installation of boreholes and monitoring if required
    • • Environment Agency Flux modelling
    • • Flood Risk Assessment
    • • SUD’s Policy
      • • Attenuation pond and reed bed design
      • • Tree Audits
      • • Ecology and habitat survey Phase 1 and Phase 2
        • • BiP reports
        • • HMP reports
        • • Newt surveys
        • • Bat survey
        • • Reptile survey

    • • Consultation with County Archaeologist
    • • Archaeology HER
      • • Pre-Determination Survey
      • • Geo-phys surveys
      • • Highways Consultation
        • • Highways Transport Assessment
        • • Traffic Counts
        • • Planning Policy Statement
        • • Needs Policy Statement
        • • Sustainability Statement
        • • Design and Access Statement
        • • Consultation with County Rights of Way
        • • Public Rights of Access Statement
        • • Public Consultation
          • • Public consultation blog

    • • Landscape Visual Impact Assessment (LVIA)
    • • Visual Appraisal (VA)
    • • General layout
      • • Landscape plan
      • • Building designs
      • • Location plan
      • • Drainage plan
      • • Burial Layout plan
      • • Landscape planting plan
      • • Site topographic survey

  • Completion & submission of planning application forms and drawings
  • During the planning process a number of questions or objections may be raised by the planning consultees. CDSL will ensure that these issues are dealt with quickly effectively and positively.

 

CDSL Planning Success for Successful Planning!

CDSL have an 80% success rate in cemetery planning, where they have undertaken all components of the planning process.

Successful planning applications include cemeteries for:

  • • Sherborne Town Council
  • • Poole Borough Council
  • • Milton Keynes mausoleum
  • • Derwentside Council
  • • Flintshire Borough Council
  • • Royston Town Council
  • • Cannock Borough Council
  • • Gamlingay Parish Council

CDSL have undertaken specific components of planning including design and or environmental studies for 20 other successful planning applications.

CDSL are currently undertaking 20 more full planning applications, and to date we have undertaken nearly 300 cemetery feasibility studies.

 

 

Groundwater Risk Assessments

Groundwater Risk Assessments

Environmental Risk Assessments

It is a statutory requirement that measures are taken to protect groundwater from potential pollution sources.  Burial practices give rise to potential sources of pollution and are covered by these regulations.

We provide our clients with comprehensive Environment Agency groundwater risk assessments.

The Tier 1 assessment is a self-collected baseline assessment.  Collect the data required with our guidance and we will then analyse your data to create a report detailing your current situation and recommend actions.

The Tier 2 assessment is for higher risk sites and involves a site investigation from our engineers with the potential for flux and pollution modelling.

The Tier 3 assessment is for site with a very high risk and involves the use of boreholes and long term monitoring on top of investigations conducted in Tier 2.

We will advise at the very earliest stage on whether a site is likely to achieve approval under the EA Guidelines, and whether there will be further spend on design and construction.

3d Digital Terrain Model Map

Environmental Risk Mitigation

CDS offers specialist advice on risk mitigation. The Environment Agency has referred in general terms within its booklet on ‘Assessing the Groundwater Pollution Potential of Cemetery Developments’ to the use of an ‘options appraisal’ which may include ‘reduction of the hazard through new technology, procedures or investment’. There is no objection in principle to the use of methods of the type suggested where it is necessary to mitigate risk, provided that such methods are used in conjunction with a fully considered tiered risk assessment.

CDS have been developing attenuation materials to help where marginal risk of leaching may go against the development of a cemetery.

EMI Soil Scan

EMI Soil Scan

The EMI scan will provide target sampling points from which the soil profile will be analysed for its mineralogy and profile construction. Determining where soil variability exist as well as locating and defining metallic and electrical utilities and potential below ground constructions and obstructions can be extremely beneficial in providing cost benefits through well engineered designs.

The EMI technology was developed in the UK by Martin Peters and Justin Smith and is widely used by other companies however its use is limited in many situations and we would advise potential users to be aware that it can sometimes be used as an expensive marketing tool rather than providing for good field data.

EMI Scanning

It should be noted that EMI surveying depth is limited to 1.5 meters and is therefore only recommended for sites where the location of following is not known.

• Utilities
• Old footings
• Springs
• Archaeology
• Major soil variations

EMI Scan

The illustration shows an EMI scan of a site with the soil texture variation indicated by the dark and light hues anda power utility highlighted by the red hatched line.

If the site in question is known to have utilities within it, and there may be some archaeological interest, it might be advisable that EMI should be used; however, this option is for the client to decide, as it will not affect the EA decision process.

 

Greywater Management

Greywater Management

► Full Grey Water Management Report

The environment is high on the agenda at all levels of government, industry and public opinion. Whether the issue is global warming, recycling or the protection of groundwater stocks, environmental legislation is impossible to avoid or ignore.

When it comes to protecting our groundwater, the Environment Agency is becoming far more vigilant. Authorities developing new cemeteries or extensions will encounter stringent rules and guidelines that have to be complied with before planning can proceed.

But many burial authorities, particularly if they have not undertaken any cemetery development work recently, are unaware of some of the groundwater and surface water protection directives they should be compliant with.

Whilst many millions of pounds are spent on memorial inspections and repairs as part of an overall health and safety policy, there is little consideration given to fulfilling the authorities’ legal obligation to protect groundwater. However, groundwater protection is statutory under the Water Resources Act. Failure to comply can lead to prosecution if ground or surface water are subsequently polluted. The EA have laid down strict guidelines for the development of new cemeteries, which include but are not limited to the following:

  • Graves should not hold any standing water when dug
  • There should be at least 1 metre between base of grave and water table; more if the soil has high infiltration rates
  • Graves should be at least 250m away from wells and potable water supplies
  • Pumping out of graves and discharging “grey” water directly or indirectly into surface or groundwater sources if found to be polluted is an offence under the Groundwater Regulations 1998
  • No burials within 10 meters of land drains

During the winter months, many authorities pump water out of newly opened graves, often to within a few minutes of the cortege arriving, hoping that the burial ceremony takes less time to complete than the speed of the water to re-enter the grave!

There are a number of reasons why water enters graves. If is not preventable it is a manageable problem – but it must be managed within the guidelines of the law.

It is important therefore, to determine where the water is coming from. There are usually three main sources:

  • Surface water (surface run-off/perching)
  • Ground water (rising water tables and suspended water tables)
  • Inter grave seepage

Grey water and drainage problems can be avoided. Simple management techniques can save tens of thousands of pounds in engineering costs, and a well designed drainage scheme can be both functional and affordable.

Attenuation Products

In some cases where there is a risk of leaching especially in coarse or fractured soils such as sandy, stoney or chalk soil formations or where water tables are near to grave depth, the use of attenuation material can help reduce rapid leaching. Polluting compounds associated with decay process such as ammonium, formalin and other organic pollutants can be absorbed by attenuation compounds which provide a buffer protecting the groundwater below. Attenuation materials include smectite and zeolitic substrates or material of high carbon content such as certain organic composts.

These attenuation materials have very high Cation Exchange Capacity (up to 150 meq/100gms), for example just 1 gram smectic clay may have a reactive surface area of 80 square meters compared to a few square centimetres in a gram of sand. An equivalent 25 mm depth of smectite clay could equate to a depth 2000 mm of sand in terms of their comparative attenuation properties!

These materials can certainly help in situations where high leaching soils pose a potential threat.
Smectite compounds have been advised by the EA for use as an attenuation medium in Southwick Cemetery in West Sussex where thin soils overly a chalk aquifer. CDS have developed “10u8 Z Plus” for the attenuation and reduction of polluting decay compounds. CDS are further researching other materials that have these properties.

Memorial Stability Testing

Memorial Stability Testing

Are you compliant with Health & Safety regulations and insured for accidents involving unstable monuments?

We provide quantifiable monument stability information which is entered in to a bespoke Geographical Information System (GIS) database.

The CDS Management System provides you with independent, secure and qualified data to satisfy the requirements of insurance companies by providing a record of monument testing in a text and mapped format.

The flexibility of the management system provides you with the option of collecting information or attributes associated with each individual monument. This information may include photographs of the monument, details of the grave site, and many more factors that can be collected, mapped and referenced as a permanent electronic record.

Our Service

  • CDS will undertake stability testing either adopting the recent Ministry of Justice Guidelines, or using a transducer tester calibrated to 35 kg or 350 Newtons as specified by the ICCM.

    Monuments will be logged as a pass or fail. On completion the authority will receive a full electronic log in Access or Excel indicating which monuments have passed or failed this could be tailored to suit their format”.

    Memorial Stability Testing

  • CDS hold that stability testing in itself only identifies the problem. Once recognised as being unsafe it is the authority’s duty that prompt action should be taken to make safe any unstable memorials, preferably on the same day of testing.

    Furthermore, recent experience in other cemeteries has highlighted the sensitivity the general public has regarding their burial grounds. The wholesale laying flat of large numbers of failed memorials is both aesthetically and emotionally distressing and in most cases unnecessary.

    As an alternative to laying flat the use of warning tape/bags, safety notices and staking must only be seen as a temporary measure and not a solution to the problem itself.

    Therefore CDS proposes to leave standing and make safe as many memorials as possible.

  • We provide confidentiality agreements for clients to protect all data sources.

    Electronic copies of the database provides you with the opportunity to protect valuable information by having more than one set of data, allowing off-site safe storage.

    We use qualified staff and carry £10 million of Public Liability Insurance, and £1 million Professional Indemnity Insurance.